Having difficulties in going to sleep is something known as a “sleeping disorder”. Many people are not aware of the fact that there is problem like this. People often feel sleepy and tired during the day, even upon having a good night’s sleep. This means that those people are suffering of a sleep disorder.
Sleeping Disorder Types
There are certain things that characterize sleeping disorders, such as, having trouble staying asleep or falling asleep, feeling extremely tired and sleepy during the day, performing poorly sluggishly throughout the day, etc. The following are the most common types of sleeping disorders:
- Sleep apnea – breathing interruptions while asleep
- Insomnia –having a hard time staying asleep or falling asleep
- Narcolepsy – extreme sleepiness during the daytime
- Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) – prickly or tingling sensations in the legs
There are different other kinds of sleep problems as well. Such as bedwetting and teeth grinding during sleep, sleep talking, sleep walking, nightmares, night terrors and head banging. The collective word to describe these problems is known as “Parasomnias”. There are various treatments for most sleep disorders; however, just having regular sleep habits may be helpful.
People feel like they are fighting a losing battle when living with a sleeping disorder. They feel as though they will never be able to sleep well again, but it does not necessarily have to be this way. Continuous researches overtime have shed more light on sleep processes. This has helped doctors know exactly how sleeping disorders affect the human body.
Constant sleep disturbances or not having enough sleep for long periods causes health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and more. Various things can cause sleep disturbances. To mention a few, we have:
- Heavy intakes of alcohol, caffeine and nicotine
- Working long and late hours
- Bad weather or atmospheric conditions
Sleeping Disorder Treatments
Taking appropriate medications along with changes to daily routines helps most people with insomnia. These medications work on the brain in a way to promote sleep sensations. The following are treatments of a few sleep disorders:
People with the Narcolepsy sleeping disorder feel very sleepy and tired during the day, even after having a full night’s sleep. Feeling tired is a normal thing; however, it is not normal for sleepiness to interfere in the daily life. It is necessary to watch out for signs such as:
- Heavy lids
- Slow thinking
- Lack of staying focused or paying attention
- Feeling grouchy
Falling asleep between 10 to 20 minutes of lying down is normal. However, falling asleep in less than five minutes confirms that there is a serious sleep disorder that needs to be handled.
Noisy breathing caused by vibrations in the throat while sleeping is known as snoring. Some changes can help stop snoring, such as:
- Sleeping on the side instead of the back
- Weight loss
- Cutting down on alcohol and smoking
Treatment: the use of nasal strips helps in preventing snoring. Placing one rip over the nose before going to bed does the magic.
Daytime sleepiness and snoring very often and loudly are signs of the sleep apnea sleeping disorder. It is a very common and dangerous sleep disorder. The most common form of sleep apnea is when the breathing stops while a person is asleep. It is a more common condition in men than women.
- Using the CPAP device (pushes air through the airway)
- Avoiding the use of sleeping pills
- Stopping alcohol, nicotine and caffeine intakes
- Surgery, to enlarge the airway
Sleeping Disorder Prescription Pills
Prescription sleeping pills may be an option if all attempts to avoid sleeping disorders fail. It is very important to use sleeping very carefully. It is helpful to remember the following:
- People should never take a sleeping pill until they are going to bed.
- Getting medical evaluations before starting the use of sleeping pills.
- Never to mix alcohol with sleeping pills, because it increases sedative effects of pills.
- Quitting the medication gradually on the doctor’s directions. Stopping the use of the pills abruptly may be very dangerous.
- Watching out for any side effects or reactions to the sleeping pills.
Prescription sleeping pills have a number of side effects. A list of side effects associated with them is given below:
- Prolonged drowsiness
- Gastrointestinal problems such as constipation, nausea, bloating and abdominal pains
- Facial swellings
- Severe allergic reactions
Prescription sleeping pills help people fall asleep or stay asleep. Before prescribing any medication, doctors ask a number of questions in order to have a good and in-depth idea of your sleeping patterns. They also order a number of tests to be carried out, which help to rule out any other underlying conditions that may be causing the sleeping disorder.