Problems and Types of Sleeping Disorders

Stress is one of the most common reasons for sleeping disorders as people may not get the adequate amount of sleep and rest that they ideally should. People who experience trouble falling asleep may end up with consequences like lying awake in the middle of the night, feel fatigue or sleepy during the day. As a result, these problems begin to get in the way of the daily routines and weigh down the ability of individuals to function – they most certainly will be suffering of sleeping disorders.

what is sleep disorders

Signs & Symptoms

Everyone experiences sleeping problems occasionally. So how can people decide whether their sleep problem is a minor condition or a more serious disorder? It is best to begin by scrutinizing the symptoms and especially looking for signs of daytime sleep deprivations. A checklist of the problems that are usually faced in sleep disorders can help pinpoint the signs and symptoms of sleep problems. The following are some problems listed.

Problems of Sleeping Disorders

  • Feeling irritable or sleepy during the day
  • Having difficulties staying awake while watching TV, reading or sitting still
  • Feeling extremely tired and dozing while driving
  • Having difficulty in concentrating
  • Constantly looking tired throughout the day
  • Reacting slowly to things
  • Having trouble controlling emotions
  • Having a lot of daytime sleepiness and having the urge to take a nap at anytime everyday
  • Having the need to take caffeine beverages to stay active or feel energetic

Having any of the above problems makes it certain that an individual is suffering from sleeping disorders.

Types of Sleeping Disorders

Types of Sleeping Disorders

Here is a list of sleeping disorders that make up the most common sleep complaints. However, not all of these sleep disorders are related to snoring, but have some sort of connection to it.

Sleep Deprivation

It is a known fact that exercising and healthy eating habits are important to have a healthy life. Another vital ingredient that must not be forgotten is healthy sleep. The lack of sleep has a major and negative impact on the mind and body. Getting enough along with exercise and healthy nutrition are the key to optimized health and energy.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a potential life threatening and very serious sleep disorder. It’s a condition where the sufferer stops breathing at multiple times during the night. It is highly advisable to see a doctor immediately if anyone suspects he/she or any loved one may be having sleep apnea. Sleep apnea can be successfully treated with CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure). This is a mask-like device that delivers a stream of air while one is asleep. In cases of mild and moderate sleep apnea the following tips could help:

  • Sleeping on the side
  • Sleeping with the head slightly elevated
  • Losing weight
  • Sleeping in a well ventilated room

Narcolepsy

This is a condition whereby the sufferer falls asleep unexpectedly and also inappropriately sometimes.

Insomnia

Insomnia is a condition whereby the sufferer is unable to get enough restful sleep during the night or cannot go to sleep at all.

Hypersomnia

This is a condition where the sufferer is affected with excessive sleepiness. In addition to daytime sleepiness, the sufferer can sleep for very long periods at night and have a lot of problem waking up from his/her sleep in the morning. More symptoms of hypersomnia include:

  • Low thinking
  • Low speech
  • Anxiety
  • Loss of appetite
  • Increased irritation

Night terrors

Night terrors are more intense sleeping disorders as compared to nightmares. This condition is mostly seen in children who usually wake up screaming or sitting upright.

Restless leg syndrome

This is a condition in which the sufferer has an overwhelming urge to move his/her legs. In some cases, these maybe involuntary jerks of limbs.

Bed wetting

This condition is more prevalently seen in children. It can be related to the child’s diet, breathing, as well as muscle tightness.

Sleep Walking

Sleep walking is phenomenon where the sufferer leaves the bed in his/her sleep. Sleep walking episodes vary in rate of occurrence, duration and intensity, and are thought to affect around 10% of the population.

Sleep Hyperhydrosis

This is also known as “night sweats”. It is caused as a result of fevers, hormone changes, drugs and food.

Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder

The circadian rhythm sleep disorder is a range of sleeping disorders caused by the attempt of the sufferer to sleep outside the normal circadian sleep cycle or jet lag. That is to say, the sufferer’s sleep cycle is not in sync with the normal day cycle.

Bruxism

This is a sleeping disorder which characterizes jaw clenching and teeth grinding while the sufferer is asleep.

Catethrenia

Catethrenia is essentially associated with a disordered pattern of breathing. It is characterized by holding the breath and expiratory groaning (whistling sound) that happens during in REM sleep exclusively.

Dyssomnias

These are sleep disorders where the sufferer either has difficulty remaining asleep or going to sleep. These sleeping disorders are characterized by disturbances in quality, amount and timings of the sufferer’s sleep.