Trazodone for sleep is very popular among people who suffer from sleeping disorders. Trazodone is an antidepressant that is taken orally to affect the actions and interactions of certain neurotransmitters in the brain. The medication is also given for people who suffer from insomnia as a short-term solution for sleepless nights. This drug is primarily given for the treatment of depression. Approved by the FDA in 1982, Trazodone is believed to improve the symptoms of depression by inhibiting the uptake of serotonin by the nerves in the brain. The drug is also believed to increase the action of serotonin, despite the fact that its chemical composition is not related to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricycle antidepressants.
Trazodone for Sleep and Other Disorders
Trazodone is given for the treatment of unipolar depression, with or without anxiety, bipolar depression, and even in the control of nightmares. Although this medication is primarily indicated for depression, Trazodone is also given for people who suffer from panic attacks since it comes with powerful sedative qualities. It is also used in the treatment of certain types of aggressive behavior, agoraphobia, and even cocaine withdrawal. The prescription of the drug for insomnia is generally an off-label use.
Side Effects of Trazodone for Sleep
The possible side effects of this drug range from the mild to the severe. Side effects vary among users but common manifestations include blurred vision, constipation, decreased sexual desire, dry mouth, headache, lightheadedness, muscle aches, nausea, nervousness, abdominal discomfort, and stuffy nose. Some people may feel tired when taking this medication. Diarrhea has also been observed in some users of Trazodone. In men, priapism, or constant and painful erections, has also been observed.
Immediate medical attention is required for severe symptoms such as severe allergic reactions, which are manifested as hives, itching, difficulty breathing, pain in the chest, and swelling in the face, lips, and tongue. Other severe symptoms include black tarry stool, bloody or dark urine decreased coordination, depression, panic attacks, irregular heartbeat, irritability, and shortness of breath. Other people may experience trouble concentrating, swelling of the hands, ankles, and symptoms of low blood pressure. These symptoms are just a few indications of severe reactions to Trazodone and should be given immediate attention.
Contraindications When Taking Trazodone for Sleep
The use of the drug is not advised in patients with known hypersensitivity to the drug. If the user is under 18 years of age and uses an antidepressant, the use of the sleeping pill is also not advised. This is to prevent the possibility of any suicidal thoughts or interactions. The use of the drug is also contraindicated in people who recently had a heart attack. It should be used with caution in the elderly. The elderly are often not very efficient in metabolizing the drug so side effects may be more pronounced. In addition, although the drug is given for depression, it may not be the best drug to give to people suffering from bipolar disease and schizophrenia.
Caution When Taking Trazodone for Sleep
There are several precautions to take when taking this drug. For one, it is important to consult a doctor to see if there are any potential drug interactions if the person is already taking several medications. A doctor can tell if the drug will interact negatively with other medications being taken and he or she can possibly prescribe another drug that is not contraindicated with these other drugs. It is also important to watch out for suicidal behaviors or other changes in behavior. Any difficulties should be referred to the health provider. The drug may also enhance the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants. Patients taking these drugs should be cautioned and told that mixing these drugs together can experience extreme tiredness and dizziness. It is also important to increase the dosage gradually, if taken by a person who is taking or has just recently discontinued taking monoamine-oxidase inhibitors. There is also insufficient evidence that Trazodone causes adverse reactions when it comes to pregnant and lactating mothers. The use of the drug should be restricted to severe cases of insomnia, which will justify the severity of the condition being treated. This goes for lactating mothers. Studies have shown that trazodone may be found in the milk of lactating mothers, so mothers suffering from insomnia should not breastfeed while taking Trazodone.
Trazodone is an effective sleeping medication, which will help sufferers of insomnia, regain their normal sleeping cycles. Known as one of the safest sleeping pills on the market, the pill is primarily given for depressive and anxiety disorders. It is also one of the safer medications that do not give rise to dependence or any addictions and is less likely to cause an overdose. Trazodone for sleep is one of the better options for a sleeping aid for anyone who is suffering from insomnia.